Signs and Symptoms of Periodontal Disease

gum disease

The word “periodontal” refers to gums and the soft tissues in the mouth. Periodontal disease refers to any condition that affects these parts. Periodontal disease starts in the gums and soft tissue, and it can spread to bones and lead to teeth loss. Most of the periodontal conditions are preventable and treatable. Advanced periodontal disease can lead to oral bleeding, difficulty in chewing, and teeth loss.


What Causes Periodontal Disease?

The mouth is full of bacteria. Some of the bacteria help in the digestion process, while some are harmful to the body. Excess buildup of bacteria in the mouth causes plaque to build up on teeth and gums. When the plaque is not removed, it advances and forms tartar. This tartar causes cavities on teeth that attract even more harmful bacteria. The bacteria attack the soft tissue in the mouth leading to periodontal disease.

Some other risk factors for periodontal diseases include bad oral hygiene and substance abuse. Smoking cigarettes is detrimental to oral health. Untreated mouth sores and blunt trauma injuries can also be a contributing factor. People with diabetes, leukemia, cancer, HIV, and AIDS, weakened immunity, and hormonal imbalance is also at high risk. Eating a poor diet and obesity are also predisposing factors. Some medications used to treat chronic conditions and chemotherapy can also lead to periodontal disease.


What Are the Signs and Symptoms of Periodontal Disease?

Healthy gums should be firm and pink. They should fit snugly around teeth and have no sores. If you experience any of these symptoms, you should visit your dentist for further examination:

  • Purple, bluish, or bright red gums.
  • Tenderness or inflammation in the gums.
  • Swelling and puffiness on gums.
  • Bleeding gums.
  • Sensitive teeth.
  • Persistent bad breath.
  • Abscess in teeth or gum.
  • Loose teeth.
  • Receding gums.
  • Painful chewing.
  • Persistent mouth sores.


Treatment and Management

You should see a dentist immediately when you experience the symptoms. Some of the conditions are treatable with pain medication and antibiotics. Some other symptoms require a detailed treatment plan. Patients can go for periodontal therapy. Their gums and teeth are mapped according to their needs, and they are put on a specific treatment plan. Treatment includes scaling, grafting, and laser surgeries.

For receding gums, the pinhole technique works best. It helps to restore gums with minimal downtime and discomfort. You can also opt for the LANAP procedure. This procedure uses lasers that target the affected gums and remove them without affecting the healthy gums.


What Can You Do to Prevent Periodontal Disease?

Proper oral hygiene is the best way to keep your mouth safe and healthy. Brush your teeth using the proper technique at least twice a day. Floss regularly to remove food particles and plaque from between your teeth. Refrain from drugs and substances that are detrimental to your health. Keep up with your dental visits for cleaning and checkups.

If you have underlying conditions that put you at a higher risk, discuss with your dentist the special prevention measures that you can take to keep your mouth safe. Eat a balanced diet free from excess sugars and fats, and always stay hydrated.


If you want to know more about periodontal disease, visit Ironwood Dental Care at our offices in Queen Creek, Arizona. You can also call 480.712.8580 to book an appointment today.