This is a condition whereby the gum tissue surrounding the teeth recedes or pulls back. This exposes more of the tooth or its root. This condition can lead to the formation of gaps between the tooth and gum, which can allow disease-causing bacteria to build up. It is important to treat gum recession as early as possible. Otherwise, it can lead to damage to the bone structure of the teeth and the surrounding tissue. It can even result in tooth loss.
Due to the exposure of the roots of your teeth, you face a higher risk of tooth loss, infection, and tooth decay. Fortunately, early treatment can reverse or stop the gum recession process. If your condition is severe enough to cause symptoms such as infection, pain, or sensitivity, then various treatment options are available. Some of these treatments include tissue grafts, medications for infections, and deep cleaning.
Also called gingivae, the gums are the pink tissue that meets the base of the teeth. Each set of teeth, in other words, has one gum. Gum tissue is quite dense and has a good supply of blood vessels beneath a mucous membrane. It also connects with the rest of the mouth lining. Firmly attached to the jawbone, the gums tightly cover each tooth in your mouth up to its neck. Ideally, your gums should protect and cover the roots of your teeth.
Causes of Gum Recession
Periodontal disease and poor oral hygiene can cause gum recession. However, this condition can also affect individuals with good oral hygiene. The chief causes of gum recession are inflammation of the tissues and physical wear of the gums. You may also suffer from this condition as a result of inherited factors, such as gum thickness and position of the teeth.
You should avoid brushing your teeth too vigorously to protect your gums from physical wear. You should also shun toothbrushes with hard bristles. Also, you may have excellent dental hygiene, however, you need to understand that over-brushing can also lead to receding gums. Often, physical wear of the gums happens more on the left side of your mouth since most people use their right hand while brushing teeth.
Other reasons why gums recede include:
Inadequate flossing, brushing, and rinsing with antibacterial mouthwash causes tartar to form between teeth. This can cause gum recession.
Clenching and grinding your teeth put too much pressure on the teeth, which leads to gum recession.
If you use tobacco products frequently, sticky plaque is more likely to form on your teeth. It is very difficult to get rid of and can lead to gum recession.
Hormonal changes in females, especially during menopause, pregnancy, and puberty, can increase the risk of gum recession.
A misaligned bite or crooked teeth.
Gum recession is a relatively common dental condition. Many people are not even aware that they have this problem. This is because the gum recession happens slowly. Often, the sensitivity of the affected tooth is the first sign of this condition. You may also notice that one of your teeth looks longer or larger than normal.
To know more about gum recession, visit IronWood Dental Care at our offices in Queen Creek, Arizona. You can also call 480-712-8580 to schedule an appointment today.