Why Would You Need a Dental Bone Graft and What's Involved?


If your general health is optimal and you lose a tooth due to injury, periodontal disease, or other infections, the perfect solution is a dental implant. This is a long-term solution in the form of an artificial tooth that a dentist expertly inserts into the jaw. This ensures the bridge or tooth replacement holds in place. In the process, bone grafting might be necessary too.

What Is Dental Bone Grafting?

So, what exactly is bone grafting? In the conventional sense, it involves the extraction of a piece of bone from one part of your jaw or body and transplanting it into your jawbone. However, alternative methods exist like harvesting the bone from other sources such as animals or cadavers.

The big plus for these options is that they prevent a second surgical site, provide less morbidity, and are similarly successful. It usually takes several months for the transplanted bone to grow a new bone strong enough to support the dental implant.

Why Is Dental Bone Grafting Necessary?

A dentist can prescribe bone grafting if you do not have an ample amount of healthy natural bones in your mouth to adequately support dental implants. This can be as a result of:

  • Gum disease.

  • Empty spaces after teeth extraction.

  • Developmental defects.

  • Trauma or face injury.

Who Needs Bone Grafting?

If you have lost a tooth, you might need this procedure before getting a dental implant. Experts recommend that you undergo this procedure even if you lost a tooth a day before. This is because the tooth you lost could be of an inappropriate size to support an instant replacement, or the socket might be infected.

However, reasons for people going for dental bone graft are rarely based on such timing. They may come in for the procedure after factoring in their financials, logistics, or other factors. All in all, you suffer bone loss each day your tooth is missing.

How Does Bone Grafting Work?

Different types of bone grafts vary depending on the location of the lost tooth and the severity of the damage you are suffering from. Some of the dental bone grafts include:

  • Socket Graft – This is the most common type of dental bone graft. Its sole aim is to stop the atrophy of the alveolar bone before it happens. By placing a bone from a donor into the socket, it averts your socket from collapsing.

  • Lateral Ridge Preservation Graft – This dental bone graft aims to increase the width of your jawbone. This comes in handy in accommodating a dental implant.

  • Block Bone Graft – Here, a small block of bone is usually harvested from the back of the patient’s jaw and placed into the affected area. Because this procedure is ideal for people with large defects in their jawbone, dentists use small titanium screws to hold it in place.

To learn more about why you should get a dental bone graft and what the procedure entails, visit Ironwood Dental Care at our office in Queen Creek, Arizona. You can call 480.712.8580 to book an appointment.